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Trapped by Tradition

The Institutionalized Church Leader

Are you an institutionalized leader? Brooks had been part of one particular institution for 50 years. It was all he knew, and over the years he grew to love the familiar walls, the fulfilling work, and the predictable patterns. So when Brooks was forced to leave, he couldnโ€™t cope with the realities of another life. He broke down and attacked a friend.

Of course, the institution is the Maine state prison known as Shawshank and Brooks is a character in the movie The Shawshank Redemption. When Brooksโ€™ friends see him break down, they canโ€™t understand how it could happen. Some thought he had gone crazy, but Red (played by Morgan Freeman) is the voice of wisdom. He says,

โ€œThese walls are kind of funny. First you hate ’em, then you get used to ’em. Enough time passes, gets so you depend on them. Thatโ€™s institutionalized. They send you here for life, thatโ€™s exactly what they take. The part that counts, anyways.โ€

Red, in The Shawshank Redemption

You can watch the scene here (warning โ€“ foul language).

The Institutionalized Church Leader

Church leaders become institutionalized when they develop dysfunctional patterns or behaviors after spending a period of time in one place. These behaviors can take various forms. Leaders can become trapped by the dysfunction of a church or denomination, or overly dependent on a system of theology. They can succumb to the influences of their local culture or begin to confuse politics with the Christian life. The institutionalized leader is no longer following Christ as Lord. Instead, he has developed a worldview that is incomplete and insufficient. When faced with truth that is outside his system, this leader is in danger of a breakdown. I have seen pastors walk away from all faith when they realized their institutionalized faith wasnโ€™t sufficient for reality. Here are some ways that leaders can become institutionalized:

Trapped by Church

Church leaders can become isolated from the wider world when they listen only to their church or denomination. These Christian bubbles insulate their thoughts and practices from serious challenges. The problem with this is that challenges make us stronger. Itโ€™s only by facing other ideas that the church can really know what it believes. Itโ€™s impossible to keep all opposing views at bay. Eventually one will sneak through our defenses. And when it does โ€“ if we havenโ€™t built a strong foundation of critical thinking and reasoning through objections โ€“ the whole system could come crashing down.

Another way that leaders can become institutionalized is when they live and lead in a dysfunctional church. Eventually, every pastor either challenges the problems in the church or adapts to them. Itโ€™s easier to adapt to them because dysfunctional systems will reject health. A pastor who tries to address problems will face much more conflict than the pastor who adapts to them. Unfortunately, the leader who adapts to the problems becomes institutionalized by them.

Trapped by Theology

Theological systems are good and useful tools because they help us to understand the Bible better. However, they become a problem when they begin to replace sound biblical interpretation. Theological systems should be rooted in the text of scripture and they should be continually reforming to become more in line with the Bible. Pick any theological system: Calvinism, Arminianism, Dispensationalism, Covenant Theology, etc. When leaders defend their particular theological system by distorting scripture, mischaracterizing other systems, or ignoring them altogether, they have become institutionalized.

Trapped by Culture

Sometimes leaders become institutionalized by their local or national culture. When this happens they begin to abandon the countercultural elements of the gospel in order to adapt to the prevailing attitudes around them. They begin to interpret scripture through the lens of culture instead of interpreting culture through the lens of scripture. Leaders who are institutionalized by culture are worshiping the culture rather than Jesus.

Trapped by Politics

In the United States today, political partisanship has become so toxic that Christians are starting to use political positions to determine whether or not someone else is a true Christian. This is institutionalized thinking. When we begin to assume one political party or a particular political ideology is Christian (and all others are evil) we have moved away from Christ. When we grab for power and control, we are not trusting Jesus to lead us. He said, โ€œMy kingdom is not of this world,โ€ therefore we cannot use worldly structures and human wisdom to accomplish heavenly purposes.

How to Avoid Becoming Institutionalized

Here are five ways a Christian leader can protect against becoming institutionalized.

Study history

Many evangelical Christians have no understanding of history. Very few know the history of philosophy or the history of the early and medieval church. Some will know about the Reformation or their own countryโ€™s history, but many only know about what has occurred in the last 100 years. This is why the same heresies keep popping back up. By studying history, especially church history, we learn the ways the church has confronted or succumbed to cultural influences. When we see these patterns, it becomes easier to identify them in our own church or denomination.

Listen to other theologies

You donโ€™t have to agree with someone to listen to them well. In theological debates and discussions, it is rare to find someone who has truly listened to the other side, which means they donโ€™t really know their own side either. A leader is listening well when they can restate the other personโ€™s argument in their own words and have the other person respond by saying, โ€œYes, youโ€™ve got it. Thatโ€™s what I believe.โ€ When you treat the other person with that level of respect, the discussion will be much more civil and much less emotional. This respect creates an environment where people are free to disagree without becoming divisive.

[bctt tweet="You donโ€™t have to agree with someone to listen to them well. In theological debates and discussions, it is rare to find someone who has truly listened to the other side."]

Understand other cultures

Learning to see life through the eyes of another gender, economic, or ethnic group is one of the great ways to avoid becoming institutionalized. Take a trip to another country. Develop friendships with people who are different from you. Learn everything you can about how others see the world and why they see it that way. In 2003, I took an 11-day trip to India. I was fascinated to learn how Christians in rural India saw the world. They taught me a different way of looking at time and prayer that still enrich my life to this day.

Speak truth to power

Jesus offended nearly every political and religious group of his day. He spoke the truth and stood apart from the power centers. He recognized God the Father as the only true authority. If we are to speak truth to power, we must know what God says on the issue we want to address. We must challenge our own sinful biases first. By taking this log out of our own eye, we can see clearly to confidently confront the abuses of power in our world. Hereโ€™s a hint: every political power in our world is in some way opposed to God. Look at your own group and challenge them first.

Keep your focus on Jesus

Ultimately, the best way to avoid becoming institutionalized is to spend time with Jesus. Submit to him in prayer and worship. Learn from him through scripture and the preaching of the Word. Allow the Holy Spirit to shape your heart to become more like him. Pretty soon, you will find that you donโ€™t fit in any human institutions. You will find that you are secure in the Fatherโ€™s love and you will no longer need the comfort and security the walls of Shawshank provide.

What are some other ways leaders become institutionalized? How do you avoid it?

Author of ๐‘ป๐’‰๐’† ๐‘พ๐’†๐’‚๐’“๐’š ๐‘ณ๐’†๐’‚๐’…๐’†๐’“โ€™๐’” ๐‘ฎ๐’–๐’Š๐’…๐’† ๐’•๐’ ๐‘ฉ๐’–๐’“๐’๐’๐’–๐’•: ๐‘จ ๐‘ฑ๐’๐’–๐’“๐’๐’†๐’š ๐’‡๐’“๐’๐’Ž ๐‘ฌ๐’™๐’‰๐’‚๐’–๐’”๐’•๐’Š๐’๐’ ๐’•๐’ ๐‘พ๐’‰๐’๐’๐’†๐’๐’†๐’”๐’” Zondervan Reflective, March 28, 2023 | West Michigan Regional Director for Pastor-in-Residence Ministries ( | Co-host of the Hope Renewed podcast | Clergy Coach | Certified PRO-D facilitator | Spiritual director | Graduate of the Soul Care Institute | Provides training in soul care and leadership | Consults for churches and leadership teams | Leads workshops and retreats | Served as an ordained pastor for 18 years | MDiv from Grand Rapids Theological Seminary. | Learn more about Sean at

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